Tokyo and Osaka: What’s the Difference?

How do you decide where to go?

No matter how many times you visit Japan, there’s no shortage of locations to discover and hidden gems to unearth. But for first timers, one question they usually grapple with before booking that flight is which area to visit first. The two places that often come to mind are Tokyo and Osaka.

You might think that Tokyo gets an automatic head start for being the capital of Japan, but you’d be surprised how different they are that comparison isn’t so simple. One thing’s for sure: both Tokyo and Osaka have their own special charm.

Below, we break down the ultra-modern metropolis versus the famed food capital of the country.


Ask any local or foreigner about Japan and they’re sure to mention the food. Tokyo’s selection of top-notch international cuisine is unparalleled, clocking in at around 30 Michelin-starred restaurants for sushi alone. Their food puts an emphasis on the Edo period, which explains the welcome influx of soba, tempura, and sushi.

In comparison, Osaka has more of a local flair to its gastronomic offerings. Here, you get to enjoy the best of street food and local cuisine. In fact, many of their local delicacies, like takoyaki and okonomiyaki, have gone on to become national favorites. Their food culture is so pronounced that they’ve even got a name for it -- kuidaore, which means to “eat until you drop.” Plus, Osaka’s food is a lot more friendly on the wallet.


There’s no skirting around the fact that Japan, in general, isn’t cheap. But, of course, some places are more expensive to live in than others. Like we said, food is cheaper in Osaka, as are their groceries, rent, and utilities.

For travelers, this means your Yen can go farther in Osaka. They have an impressive offering of shopping malls and streets, especially if you’re looking for more traditional Japanese clothing and decorations.

Though the shops around are relatively similar, Tokyo has a wider selection of international brands. After all, the capital is home to the eccentric Harajuku and global fashion hub Ginza. There, you’ll find a lot of big names in street wear and high fashion, like Comme Des Garcons, Supreme, Issey Miyake, Dover Street Market, and more.

Tourist Attractions

Both Tokyo and Osaka have their fair share of modern and traditional sights to see. In Tokyo, there are 23 areas that offer their own distinct attractions. Some of the most popular ones are Meguro, Shibuya, and Shinjuku. The main difference you’ll notice is Tokyo is more of a mixed bag -- putting together animé, technology, and heritage in one. In one corner, you’ll see skyscrapers that look straight out of a science fiction novel, while the next neighborhood could be filled with tranquil shrines and temples.


Meanwhile, Osaka has a stronger local atmosphere. As the second largest cosmopolitan in Japan, it isn’t so far behind in terms of technology. While you can also enjoy traditional sights like the Osaka Castle and Sumiyoshi Taisha Shrine, they are most known for their culture of comedy. A stroll down the entertainment district of Dotonbori is something no tourist should miss, along with their Bunraku puppet shows and numerous theaters around the area.

Another good thing about Osaka is that it’s a stone’s throw away from neighboring cities like Kyoto, Kobe, and Nara. Simply hop on a short train ride, and you’ll be treated to even more sights than your itinerary could ever ask for.

Local Culture

Tokyo locals are notorious for their fast-paced lifestyles. Everywhere you look, you’re never too far from a corporate man in a suit rushing to work. Undoubtedly, the nation is a well-oiled machine -- from its polite citizens to its perpetually punctual trains. However, because people tend to keep to themselves, this might make it challenging for travelers to socialize. But don’t be intimidated: no Tokyo citizen would hesitate to help you out, whether you’re asking for directions or looking for the best ramen joint.

In contrast, Osaka people tend to appear more warm and friendly, which is partly because of their history as a merchant city. On top of this, the city is also a lot less hectic, with not as much pressure to rush from point A to point B. However, because there’s a smaller population of tourists and expats, the language barrier is a bit harder to get through.


If you think Tokyo’s citizens are hectic, wait until you see the cars. With narrow roads, constantly congested lanes, and traffic, it is said that driving in Tokyo is a nightmare for foreigners. Fortunately, you don’t have to have this problem because their public transportation system is spotless. Easy to navigate and always efficient, the only thing you have to worry about is rush hour -- and making it back to your hotel before the midnight closing!

On the other hand, Osaka’s roads are much wider and aren’t as crammed with cars during the day. Though their public transportation isn’t as elaborate as Tokyo’s, you’ll be just fine getting around in their buses and trains -- with more wiggle room, too.


So, which is better?

As you might have noticed by now, it’s impossible to conclude which city is better. It all depends on what kind of trip you’re looking for. While Tokyo is certainly bigger and more diverse, Osaka might appeal more to travelers looking for something laid-back. Both places are definitely worth a visit and are sure to capture your eye in one way or another. There’s only one way to find out, and that’s to see them for yourself.

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