Useful Phrases in Japanese to Help You Prepare for Emergencies

From "I have a fever" to "there is no electricity."


Japan is no stranger to disasters. There are earthquakes, typhoons, and other natural disasters. These happen frequently as you’ll find out especially if you’re living in Japan. To help better prepare for such situations, remember simple Japanese language and use these phrases in case of emergency. 


The following is a summary of Japanese terms that are useful when those disasters occur.


Here are Japanese words that you might hear when disasters happen through notice or news.



Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Sai gai (??)

Jishin, Typhoon nado taihen na koto ni au

(???????????????)

Disasters

Tei den (??)

Denki ga tomaru

(??????)

Electricity has stopped.

Dansui (??)

Mizu ga denakunaru

(???????)

Water supply has stopped.

Futsuu(??)

Denwa, michi, densha ga tsukaenai

(????????????)

Mobile phone, road, train has stopped.

Yukue fumei(????)

Hito ga doko ni iru ka wakaranai

(?????????????)

People are missing.

Anpi(??)

Hito ga daijoubu ka dou ka

(?????????)

Safety

Giseisha(???)

Shinda hito ya kega wo shita hito 

(???????????)

Victim

Higaisha(???)

Higai ni atta hito

(???????)

Victim

Shisha(??)

Shinda hito

(????)

Dead

Shibou suru(????)

Shinu

(??)

Death

Unten wo miawaseru

(????????)

Densha ga ugokanai

(???????)

Train has stopped.

Un kyu(??)

Densha ga ugokanai

(???????)

Train has stopped.

Kek kou(??)

Fune, Hikouki ga ugokanai

(??????????)

Ship, airplane has stopped.

Jou bi yaku(???)

Itsumo tsukatteiru kusuri

(?????????)

Medicine

Genkin(??)

Okane 

(??)

Cash

Shoku ryou(??)

Tabemono

(???)

Foods

Sonaeru(???)

Jun bi suru / you i suru 

(???? / ????)

Prepare


Next, we will separate words by situation so it’s easier to understand. 


Case 1.
‘Earthquake’

Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Ji shin (??)

Jimen ga yureru 

(??????)

Earthquake

Yo shin (??)

Ooki na jishin no ato ni kuru jishin 

(?????????????)

Aftershock

Yure (??)

Ie ya michi ga ookiku ugoku

(?????????)

Shaking

Shindo (??)

Shindo no ookisa

(??????)

Seismic intensity

Shin gen chi (???)

Jishin ga okita chu-shin

(????????)

Epicenter

Tsunami (??)

Takai nami

(???)

Tsunami

Rakka (??)

Mono ga ochiru

(?????)

Fall

Tou kai (??)

Tatemono ga kowareru

(??????)

Collapse

Ten tou (??)

Hito ya mono ga taoreru

(???????)

Fall


Case 2.
‘Typhoon’

Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Tai fuu(??)

Tsuyoi ame to tsuyoi kaze ga fuku tenki 

(????????????)

Typhoon

Oo ame(??)

Ame ga takusan furu

(????????)

Heavy rain

Gou u(??)

Oo ame yori takusan ame ga furu

(????????????)

Heavy rain

Kou zui(??)

Oo ame de mizu ga afureru

(????????)

Flood

Do sha kuzure

(????)

Yama kara tsuchi ya ishi ga ochite kuru

(????????????)

Landslide

Kei kai suru

(????)

Ki wo tsukeru

(?????)

Be careful

 


If a typhoon or earthquake has occurred, you will hear an announcement for collapse as below.



Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Hinan(??)

Anzen na tokoro ni nigeru

(??????????)

Evacuation

Takadai(??)

Yama no ue ya takai tokoro 

(?????????)

High place

Sumiyakani / Tadachini 

(???? / ???)

Suguni, isoide 

(???????)

Promptly



Case 3. ‘Fire’

Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Kasai(??)

Kaji 

(??)

Fire

In ka suru(????)

Hi ga tsuku 

(????)

Ignite

Shuk ka(??)

Hi ga deru

(????)

Fire

En jou suru(????)

Moeru 

(???)

Burn

Shou ka suru

(????)

Hi wo kesu

(????)

Digest

Shou bou sha

(???)

Hi wo kesu kuruma 

(?????)

Fire engine


Finally, we summarize the Japanese sentences that can help once you’ve evacuated to the shelter (a designated primary school or junior high school), which is near a residential area.

When you want to introduce yourself.

  • Watashi wa ______ desu. →  I am ______.
  • Watashi wa ______ ni sunde i masu. →  I am living in ______.
  • Watashi wa ______ jin desu. →  I am ______. (nationality)

When there is an accident. 

  • Tasukete kudasai →  Help, please!
  • Kuruma ni butsukarimashita →  I got hurt from car.
  • Watashi wa kega wo shimashita. →  I was injured.
  • Kega wo shiteiru hito ga i masu. →  Someone was injured. 
  • Kyukyusha wo yon de kudasai. →  Please call ambulance.

When there is a fire.

  • Kaji desu. →  Fire!
  • Nigete kudasai. →  Please run away!
  • Isoide kudasai. →  Please hurry! 

When you want to go to the hospital.

  • Byou in ni ikitai desu. →  I want to go to hospital.
  • Byou in ni tsurete itte kudasai. →  Please bring me to hospital. 

When explaining the condition of your illness or injury.

  • ______ (ashi, onaka, atama) ga itai desu. →  I have a ______ (sore leg, stomachache, headache)
  • Seki ga deteimasu. →  I have a cough.
  • Geri wo shite imasu. →  I have diarrhea.
  • Netsu ga arimasu. →  I have a fever.

 


 (26 June 2019)

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