Useful Phrases in Japanese to Help You Prepare for Emergencies

From "I have a fever" to "there is no electricity."


Japan is no stranger to disasters. There are earthquakes, typhoons, and other natural disasters. These happen frequently as you’ll find out especially if you’re living in Japan. To help better prepare for such situations, remember simple Japanese language and use these phrases in case of emergency. 


The following is a summary of Japanese terms that are useful when those disasters occur.


Here are Japanese words that you might hear when disasters happen through notice or news.



Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Sai gai (災害)

Jishin, Typhoon nado taihen na koto ni au

(地震、台風など大変なことにあう)

Disasters

Tei den (停電)

Denki ga tomaru

(電気が停まる)

Electricity has stopped.

Dansui (断水)

Mizu ga denakunaru

(水が出なくなる)

Water supply has stopped.

Futsuu(不通)

Denwa, michi, densha ga tsukaenai

(電話、道、電車が使えない)

Mobile phone, road, train has stopped.

Yukue fumei(行方不明)

Hito ga doko ni iru ka wakaranai

(人がどこにいるかわからない)

People are missing.

Anpi(安否)

Hito ga daijoubu ka dou ka

(人が大丈夫かどうか)

Safety

Giseisha(犠牲者)

Shinda hito ya kega wo shita hito 

(死んだ人やけがをした人)

Victim

Higaisha(被害者)

Higai ni atta hito

(被害にあった人)

Victim

Shisha(死者)

Shinda hito

(死んだ人)

Dead

Shibou suru(死亡する)

Shinu

(死ぬ)

Death

Unten wo miawaseru

(運転を見合わせる)

Densha ga ugokanai

(電車が動かない)

Train has stopped.

Un kyu(運休)

Densha ga ugokanai

(電車が動かない)

Train has stopped.

Kek kou(欠航)

Fune, Hikouki ga ugokanai

(船、飛行機が動かない)

Ship, airplane has stopped.

Jou bi yaku(常備薬)

Itsumo tsukatteiru kusuri

(いつも使っている薬)

Medicine

Genkin(現金)

Okane 

(お金)

Cash

Shoku ryou(食料)

Tabemono

(食べ物)

Foods

Sonaeru(備える)

Jun bi suru / you i suru 

(準備する / 用意する)

Prepare


Next, we will separate words by situation so it’s easier to understand. 


Case 1. ‘Earthquake’

Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Ji shin (地震)

Jimen ga yureru 

(地面が揺れる)

Earthquake

Yo shin (余震)

Ooki na jishin no ato ni kuru jishin 

(大きな地震のあとにくる地震)

Aftershock

Yure (揺れ)

Ie ya michi ga ookiku ugoku

(家や道が大きく動く)

Shaking

Shindo (震度)

Shindo no ookisa

(震度の大きさ)

Seismic intensity

Shin gen chi (震源地)

Jishin ga okita chu-shin

(地震が起きた中心)

Epicenter

Tsunami (津波)

Takai nami

(高い波)

Tsunami

Rakka (落下)

Mono ga ochiru

(物が落ちる)

Fall

Tou kai (倒壊)

Tatemono ga kowareru

(建物が壊れる)

Collapse

Ten tou (転倒)

Hito ya mono ga taoreru

(人や物が倒れる)

Fall


Case 2. ‘Typhoon’

Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Tai fuu(台風)

Tsuyoi ame to tsuyoi kaze ga fuku tenki 

(強い雨と強い風が吹く天気)

Typhoon

Oo ame(大雨)

Ame ga takusan furu

(雨がたくさん降る)

Heavy rain

Gou u(豪雨)

Oo ame yori takusan ame ga furu

(大雨よりたくさん雨が降る)

Heavy rain

Kou zui(洪水)

Oo ame de mizu ga afureru

(大雨で水が溢れる)

Flood

Do sha kuzure

(土砂崩れ)

Yama kara tsuchi ya ishi ga ochite kuru

(山から土や石が落ちてくる)

Landslide

Kei kai suru

(警戒する)

Ki wo tsukeru

(気をつける)

Be careful

 


If a typhoon or earthquake has occurred, you will hear an announcement for collapse as below.



Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Hinan(避難)

Anzen na tokoro ni nigeru

(安全なところに逃げる)

Evacuation

Takadai(高台)

Yama no ue ya takai tokoro 

(山之上や高いところ)

High place

Sumiyakani / Tadachini 

(速やかに / 直ちに)

Suguni, isoide 

(すぐに、急いで)

Promptly



Case 3. ‘Fire’

Japanese

Friendly Japanese

Meaning

Kasai(火災)

Kaji 

(火事)

Fire

In ka suru(引火する)

Hi ga tsuku 

(火がつく)

Ignite

Shuk ka(出火)

Hi ga deru

(火が出る)

Fire

En jou suru(炎上する)

Moeru 

(燃える)

Burn

Shou ka suru

(消化する)

Hi wo kesu

(火を消す)

Digest

Shou bou sha

(消防車)

Hi wo kesu kuruma 

(火を消す車)

Fire engine


Finally, we summarize the Japanese sentences that can help once you’ve evacuated to the shelter (a designated primary school or junior high school), which is near a residential area.

When you want to introduce yourself.

  • Watashi wa ______ desu. →  I am ______.
  • Watashi wa ______ ni sunde i masu. →  I am living in ______.
  • Watashi wa ______ jin desu. →  I am ______. (nationality)

When there is an accident. 

  • Tasukete kudasai →  Help, please!
  • Kuruma ni butsukarimashita →  I got hurt from car.
  • Watashi wa kega wo shimashita. →  I was injured.
  • Kega wo shiteiru hito ga i masu. →  Someone was injured. 
  • Kyukyusha wo yon de kudasai. →  Please call ambulance.

When there is a fire.

  • Kaji desu. →  Fire!
  • Nigete kudasai. →  Please run away!
  • Isoide kudasai. →  Please hurry! 

When you want to go to the hospital.

  • Byou in ni ikitai desu. →  I want to go to hospital.
  • Byou in ni tsurete itte kudasai. →  Please bring me to hospital. 

When explaining the condition of your illness or injury.

  • ______ (ashi, onaka, atama) ga itai desu. →  I have a ______ (sore leg, stomachache, headache)
  • Seki ga deteimasu. →  I have a cough.
  • Geri wo shite imasu. →  I have diarrhea.
  • Netsu ga arimasu. →  I have a fever.

 


 (26 June 2019)

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